Coordinate Conversion and Transformation.


cct [ -cIostvz [ args ] ] +opts[=arg] file[s]


cct a 4D equivalent to the proj projection program, performs transformation coordinate systems on a set of input points. The coordinate system transformation can include translation between projected and geographic coordinates as well as the application of datum shifts.

The following control parameters can appear in any order:

-c <x,y,z,t>

Specify input columns for (up to) 4 input parameters. Defaults to 1,2,3,4.


Do the inverse transformation.

-o <output file name>, --output=<output file name>

Specify the name of the output file.

-t <time>, --time=<time>

Specify a fixed observation time to be used for all input data.

-z <height>, --height=<height>

Specify a fixed observation height to be used for all input data.

-s <n>, --skip-lines=<n>

New in version 5.1.0.

Skip the first n lines of input. This applies to any kind of input, whether it comes from STDIN, a file or interactive user input.

-v, --verbose

Write non-essential, but potentially useful, information to stderr. Repeat for additional information (-vv, -vvv, etc.)


Print version number.

The +args arguments are associated with coordinate operation parameters. Usage varies with operation.

For a complete description consult the projection pages.

cct is an acronym meaning Coordinate Conversion and Transformation.

The acronym refers to definitions given in the OGC 08-015r2/ISO-19111 standard “Geographical Information – Spatial Referencing by Coordinates”, which defines two different classes of coordinate operations:

Coordinate Conversions, which are coordinate operations where input and output datum are identical (e.g. conversion from geographical to cartesian coordinates) and

Coordinate Transformations, which are coordinate operations where input and output datums differ (e.g. change of reference frame).


  1. The operator specs describe the action to be performed by cct. So the following script
echo 12 55 0 0 | cct +proj=utm +zone=32 +ellps=GRS80

will transform the input geographic coordinates into UTM zone 32 coordinates. Hence, the command

echo 12 55 | cct -z0 -t0 +proj=utm +zone=32 +ellps=GRS80

Should give results comparable to the classic proj command

echo 12 55 | proj +proj=utm +zone=32 +ellps=GRS80
  1. Convert geographical input to UTM zone 32 on the GRS80 ellipsoid:
cct +proj=utm +ellps=GRS80 +zone=32
  1. Roundtrip accuracy check for the case above:
cct +proj=pipeline +proj=utm +ellps=GRS80 +zone=32 +step +step +inv
  1. As (2) but specify input columns for longitude, latitude, height and time:
cct -c 5,2,1,4 +proj=utm +ellps=GRS80 +zone=32
  1. As (2) but specify fixed height and time, hence needing only 2 cols in input:
cct -t 0 -z 0 +proj=utm +ellps=GRS80 +zone=32


cct also refers to Carl Christian Tscherning (1942–2014), professor of Geodesy at the University of Copenhagen, mentor and advisor for a generation of Danish geodesists, colleague and collaborator for two generations of global geodesists, Secretary General for the International Association of Geodesy, IAG (1995–2007), fellow of the American Geophysical Union (1991), recipient of the IAG Levallois Medal (2007), the European Geosciences Union Vening Meinesz Medal (2008), and of numerous other honours.

cct, or Christian, as he was known to most of us, was recognized for his good mood, his sharp wit, his tireless work, and his great commitment to the development of geodesy – both through his scientific contributions, comprising more than 250 publications, and by his mentoring and teaching of the next generations of geodesists.

As Christian was an avid Fortran programmer, and a keen Unix connoisseur, he would have enjoyed to know that his initials would be used to name a modest Unix style transformation filter, hinting at the tireless aspect of his personality, which was certainly one of the reasons he accomplished so much, and meant so much to so many people.

Hence, in honour of cct (the geodesist) this is cct (the program).