Natural Earth¶

 Classification Pseudo cylindrical Available forms Forward and inverse, spherical projection Defined area Global Alias natearth Domain 2D Input type Geodetic coordinates Output type Projected coordinates

The Natural Earth projection is intended for making world maps. A distinguishing trait is its slightly rounded corners fashioned to emulate the spherical shape of Earth. The meridians (except for the central meridian) bend acutely inward as they approach the pole lines, giving the projection a hint of three-dimensionality. This bending also suggests that the meridians converge at the poles instead of truncating at the top and bottom edges. The distortion characteristics of the Natural Earth projection compare favorably to other world map projections.

Usage¶

The Natural Earth projection has no special options so usage is simple. Here is an example of an inverse projection on a sphere with a radius of 7500 m:

```\$ echo 3500 -8000 | proj -I +proj=natearth +a=7500
37d54'6.091"E  61d23'4.582"S
```

Parameters¶

Note

All parameters for the projection are optional.

+lon_0=<value>

Central meridian/longitude of natural origin, longitude of origin or longitude of false origin (naming and meaning depend on the projection method).

Defaults to 0.0.

Note

The default convention is to interpret this value as decimal degrees. To specify radians instead, follow the value with the "r" character.

Example: +lon_0=1.570796r

+R=<value>

Radius of the sphere, given in meters. If used in conjunction with `+ellps`, `+R` takes precedence.

+x_0=<value>

False easting, easting at false origin or easting at projection centre (naming and meaning depend on the projection method). Always in meters.

Defaults to 0.0.

+y_0=<value>

False northing, northing at false origin or northing at projection centre (naming and meaning depend on the projection method). Always in meters.

Defaults to 0.0.